Herefordshire lies on the border of Wales and for much of the medieval period was part of the Welsh Marches and home of the powerful Marcher Lords. The county began as an Anglo-Saxon shire in the 9th century and the name is derived from Here-ford (Old English for ‘army crossing’). There is evidence for much earlier occupation in the many prehistoric sites found across the county. Important archaeological sites include:
- Dorstone Hill Neolithic settlement.
- The Iron Age hill forts Dinedor Camp and British Camp.
- Hereford Cathedral which contains the Mappa Mundi, the largest medieval map known to exist.
- A host of castles including Goodrich, Eastnor and Wilton.
- The medieval manor house on the Brockhampton Estate.
- The Old House, a 17th century timber-framed building.