Hampshire lies on the south coast of Britain and has a rich and varied landscape ranging from coastal plains to downlands and heaths, as well as containing parts of the Weald and New Forest. The region is thought to have been continuously occupied since the end of the last Ice Age around 12,000BC. As such, it has a rich history with most periods well-represented in the archaeological record. Hampshire’s position on the Solent has made it an important region strategically, right up to the Second World War and beyond. Important archaeological sites include:
- Flowerdown Bronze Age barrows.
- Iron Age hill forts of Danebury and Buckland Rings.
- Rockbourne Roman villa and Ermin Street Roman road.
- Winchester Cathedral which has its roots in the 7th century.
- The 800 year old Beaulieu Abbey.
- The historic properties of The Vyne and Highclere Castle.
- Portsmouth Historic Dockyard which charts the maritime history of Britain and includes the famous ships HMS Victory and the Mary Rose.