Ceramics (including the Pottery Guide)

The PAS has produced a guide to the recording of pottery vessels which can be downloaded as a pdf here: PAS Pottery Recording Guide.

The Guide to Recording Pottery
The Pottery Recording Guide.

Other ceramic items (clay pipes, ceramic lamps and moulds, kiln furniture and so on) are briefly noted towards the end of the Pottery Recording Guide, with recommendations as to the object type to use.

Object types to use for other ceramic objects

As a quick aide-memoire, here are some object types that can be used for some non-vessel ceramic objects (see pp. 43-49 of the Pottery Recording Guide for more detail):

Clay tobacco pipes: PIPE (SMOKING)

Pipeclay figurines: FIGURINE (as long as they are humans or animals)

Dolls: TOY

Wig-curlers and hair-curlers: HAIR CURLER


Lamps: LAMP

Candle-holders: CANDLE HOLDER


Crucibles and cupels: CRUCIBLE and CUPEL respectively

Briquetage: BRIQUETAGE

Kiln furniture: KILN FURNITURE

Spindle-whorls: SPINDLE WHORL

Loomweights: LOOMWEIGHT

Other weights, often Bronze Age or Iron Age: WEIGHT

Object types to use for ceramic building materials (CBM)

Ceramic building material has a short section in the Pottery Recording Guide as well (pp. 50-54).  Here are some object types to use:

Field drains: DRAIN PIPE

Roof tiles (including imbrex, tegula and antefix): TILE

Floor tiles (including pamments, pavers etc): TILE

Roman brick used for levelling courses, hypocaust supports or walling: TILE (this is following York Archaeological Trust CBM conventions, available as a pdf here)

Tesserae, even if made from brick or tile: TESSERA

Other Roman CBM, of unidentified function: BRICK (this is following York Archaeological Trust CBM conventions, available as a pdf here)

Medieval or modern brick, including malting brick: BRICK

Daub: DAUB. This term has historically not been available, and recorders have used ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT; but we have asked for it to be replaced on our wordlist, and this should be happening soon.