Buckinghamshire has a rich history with occupation reaching back as far as 2000BC in some areas. The county itself has existed since the 6th century when it was a subdivision of the kingdom of Mercia and gets its name from an Anglo-Saxon landowner named Bucca. The Romans, Normans and the Industrial Revolution have all played a part in shaping the county and important sides include:
- A Mesolithic camp and flint manufacturing site at Denham.
- Neolithic and Bronze Age barrows at Whiteleaf Hill and Beacon Hill.
- A number of Iron Age hill forts such as Cholesbury Camp, Boddington Camp and Ivinghoe Camp.
- The Roman roads of Watling Street and Akeman Street, as well as the much older Icknield Way.
- The Rye and Yewden Roman villas.
- Medieval earthworks in Warren Wood and Jenkins Wood.
- The remains of the 12th century hospital of St. John the Baptist.