Coin Relief 43 – VIRTVS EXERCIT nummi

Welcome to the latest edition of Coin Relief. In this issue, Sam Moorhead looks at another group of nummi – those with the VIRTVS EXERCIT legend. VIRTVS EXERCIT nummi of AD 319-21 We previously covered the VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP issue of AD 318-20. This article considers the next issue of VIRTVS EXERCIT, which dates …more

Fare thee well PASt Explorers!

Today marks the end of the PASt Explorers project, started in November 2014 to develop the Portable Antiquities Scheme volunteer base, providing training and support alongside other resources for our FLOs and volunteers. The project was generously funded by the National Heritage Lottery Fund and we are extremely grateful for their support. Sadly, we bid …more

Coin Relief 42 – Bronze coinage of the Roman Republic

The earliest Roman coin types seen through the PAS, of the Roman Republic, are relatively abundant, at least in terms of the precious metal coinage, with over 2,000 denarii recorded to date. One of the problems with Republican silver coinage is that it all pre-dates the Claudian invasion in AD 43 so it remains unclear precisely …more

Coin Relief 41 – Titus

Titus Flavius Vespasianus (born AD 39) was the eldest son of Vespasian and Domitilla the elder and older brother to Domitian and Domitilla the younger. After a childhood spent in imperial circles in Rome, notably as a close friend to Claudius’ son Britannicus, Titus followed a military career, serving in Germany and Britain in the AD 50s-60s as military tribune and …more

Coin Relief 40 – Base-metal coinage of Domitian

Welcome to the latest edition of Coin Relief. In this issue Sam Moorhead talks about the base-metal coinage of Domitian. That is, sestertii, dupondii, and asses. The base-metal coinage of Domitian (AD 72-96). We have previously covered the silver denarii of Domitian’s reign as Caesar (AD 69-81) and as Augustus (AD 81-96). In this piece, I am …more


Welcome to the latest edition of Coin Relief! In this issue, Sam Moorhead examines nummi with the VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP legend – a type only struck at selected mints. The VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP nummi of AD 318-20 The VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP nummi, along with the IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG nummi, were the first major types to follow …more

Coin Relief 38 – Tacitus and Florian

Welcome to the latest edition of Coin Relief! In this issue Andrew Brown examines the coinage of Tacitus and Florian.  Tacitus (AD 275-76) and Florian (AD 276) The death of Aurelian in the autumn of AD 275, assassinated in a coup led by his own officers, left something of a gap in succession. There is numismatic evidence …more