Hadrian

Reece Period attributed: Period 6

Obverse image of a coin of Hadrian

Member of the The Adoptive Emperors dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 117 until 138.

Publius Aelius Hadrianus was born in AD 76 to a cousin of the emperor Trajan. At age ten his father died, and Hadrian became joint ward of Trajan and a Roman knight. He spent a dissolute youth, preferring hunting to military service, and Trajan kept an increasingly strict eye on him.

Trajan and Hadrian grew close while the former reigned. Trajan’s wife Plotina especially favoured Hadrian, and may have faked evidence that Trajan named Hadrian his successor. As emperor, Hadrian ruthlessly eliminated certain enemies, but ruled capably. He scaled back the size of the empire to the natural borders decreed by Augustus (The Danube, the Euphrates, and the Rhine) and built his famous wall to protect Britannia from fierce northern tribes.

Hadrian loved Greek culture, though he famously decried Homer as an inferior poet. He built a large palace at Tivoli and enjoyed pursuing married women and adolescent boys. In his final days, Hadrian suffered from severe sickness and tried many times to commit suicide, but his slaves never allowed it. He handed over government to Antoninus Pius, his chosen successor, and went to Baiae to die. His only major military accomplishment was the suppression of a Jewish revolt when he attempted to establish a new city at the site of Jerusalem.

Hadrian was the first emperor to sport a beard.

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 1,185 examples.

PAS record number: SOM-A9A74C

Record: SOM-A9A74C
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A Roman copper as of Hadrian dating to AD 119 (Reece Period 6). PONT MAX TR POT COS III reverse type depicting Britannia holding sceptre and …
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind waiting to be validated

PAS record number: PUBLIC-418A7D

Record: PUBLIC-418A7D
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: Silver denarius of Hadrian (AD 117-38), dating to AD 125-8 (Reece Period 6), COS III, Star over crescent. Mint of Rome. RIC II, p. 362, cf.…
Workflow: PublishedFind validated and published by finds advisers

PAS record number: DEV-17FC52

Record: DEV-17FC52
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper-alloy sestertius of the emperor Hadrian, dating from AD 117 to 138 (Reece period 6). Reverse type: illegible, possibly standing figu…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind waiting to be validated

PAS record number: DEV-17EAF8

Record: DEV-17EAF8
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper-alloy sestertius of the emperor Hadrian, dating from AD 117 to 138 (Reece period 6). Reverse type: illegible; possibly two standing …
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind waiting to be validated

PAS record number: DEV-17B3FD

Record: DEV-17B3FD
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper-alloy sestertius of the emperor Hadrian, dating from AD 117 to 138 (Reece period 6). Reverse type: Fortuna standing (or seated) left…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind waiting to be validated

Other resources about Hadrian

View all coins recorded by the scheme attributed to Hadrian.

Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Hadrian
  • Full names:
    • Publius Aelius Hadrianus Buccellanus
    • Hadrian
    • (from birth to adoption and accession);
    • Caesar Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus Buccellanus Augustus (as emperor)
  • Title:14th Emperor of the Roman Empire
  • Predecessor: Trajan
  • Successor: Antoninus Pius
  • Definition: Hadrian (Latin: Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus Augustus 24 January, 76 AD – 10 July, 138 AD), was Roman Emperor from 117 to 138. He is best known for building Hadrian's Wall, which marked the northern limit of Roman Britain. In Rome, he re-built the Pantheon and constructed the Temple of Venus and Roma. In addition to being emperor, Hadrian was a humanist and was philhellene in most of his tastes. He was the third of the Five Good Emperors. Hadrian was born Publius Aelius Hadrianus to an ethnically Italian family, either in Italica near Seville or in Rome. His predecessor Trajan, also Hispanic himself, was a maternal cousin of Hadrian's father. Trajan never officially designated an heir, but according to his wife Pompeia Plotina, Trajan named Hadrian emperor immediately before his death. Trajan's wife and his friend Licinius Sura were well-disposed towards Hadrian, and he may well have owed his succession to them. During his reign, Hadrian traveled to nearly every province of the Empire. An ardent admirer of Greece, he sought to make Athens the cultural capital of the Empire and ordered the construction of many opulent temples in the city. He used his relationship with his Greek favorite Antinous to underline his philhellenism and led to the creation of one of the most popular cults of ancient times. He spent extensive amounts of his time with the military; he usually wore military attire and even dined and slept amongst the soldiers. He ordered military training and drilling to be more rigorous and even made use of false reports of attack to keep the army alert. Upon his accession to the throne, Hadrian withdrew from Trajan's conquests in Mesopotamia and Armenia, and even considered abandoning Dacia. Late in his reign he suppressed the Bar Kokhba revolt in Judaea, renaming the province Syria Palaestina. In 136 an ailing Hadrian adopted Lucius Aelius as his heir, but the latter died suddenly two years later. In 138, Hadrian resolved to adopt Antoninus Pius if he would in turn adopt Marcus Aurelius and Aelius' son Lucius Verus as his own eventual successors. Antoninus agreed, and soon afterward Hadrian died at Baiae.
  • Parents:
  • Birth place:
  • Death place: Baiae
  • Spouse:
  • Other title(s):
    • Consul of the Roman Empire
    • List of Roman emperors
  • Came After:
    • Lucius Catilius Severus Iulianus Claudius Reginus and Antoninus Pius
    • Antoninus Pius
  • Came before:
    • Trajan
    • Quintus Aquilius Niger and Marcus Rebilus Apronianus
  • Subjects on wikipedia:

Notable commands

    Commander during battles

    • Bar Kokhba revolt : Judea (Roman province)
      The Bar Kokhba revolt (132–136 CE), Hebrew: מרד בר כוכבא‎ or mered Bar Kokhba, was the third major rebellion by the Jews of Judaea Province against the Roman Empire and the last of the Jewish–Roman wars. The rebellion is also known as The Third Jewish–Roman War or The Third Jewish Revolt, although some historians relate it as Second Judean Revolt, not counting the Kitos War 115–117 CE, which had only marginally been fought in Judea. The revolt is considered to be the climax of the Jewish–Roman wars, after which the Jews had become a devastated people - their cities were laid waste, over half a million killed and the survivors dispersed through the slave markets of the known world in a clear case of genocide.The revolt erupted as a result of religious and political tensions in Judaea province. Simon bar Kokhba, the commander of the revolt, was regarded by many Jews as the Messiah, a heroic figure who could restore Israel. Initial rebel victories established an independent state of Israel over parts of Judea for over two years, but a Roman army made up of six full legions with auxiliaries and elements from up to six additional legions finally crushed it.The Bar Kokhba revolt resulted in genocide and almost complete depopulation of Judea and is considered to have a much more critical impact on Jews and Judaism than the Great Revolt of Judea of 70 CE. Roman losses are also considered heavy, making it one of the worst campaigns of the Empire. Despite easing persecution of Jews following Hadrian's death in 138 CE, the Romans barred Jews from Jerusalem, except to attend it in Tisha B'Av. Although Jewish Christians hailed Jesus as the Messiah and did not support Bar Kokhba, they were barred from Jerusalem along with the rest of the Jews. The war and its aftermath helped differentiate Christianity as a religion distinct from Judaism (see also Split of early Christianity and Judaism).
    • Bar Kokhba revolt : Judea (Roman province)
      The Bar Kokhba revolt (Hebrew: מרד בר כוכבא‎ or mered Bar Kokhba), was a rebellion of the Jews of Judea Province, led by Simon bar Kokhba, against the Roman Empire. Fought circa 132–136 CE, it was the last of three major Jewish–Roman wars, so it is also known as The Third Jewish–Roman War or The Third Jewish Revolt.The revolt erupted as a result of religious and political tensions in Judea province. Simon bar Kokhba, the commander, was regarded by many Jews as the Messiah, a heroic figure who could restore Israel. Initial rebel victories established an independent state of Israel over parts of Judea for over two years, but a Roman army made up of six full legions with auxiliaries and elements from up to six additional legions finally crushed it.The Bar Kokhba revolt resulted in an extensive depopulation of Judean Jewish communities, more so than the Great Revolt of Judea of 70 CE. Despite easing persecution of Jews following Hadrian's death in 138 CE, the Romans barred Jews from Jerusalem, except to attend it in Tisha B'Av. The Jews had become a devastated people - their cities were laid waste, over half a million killed and the survivors dispersed through the slave markets of the known world in a clear case of genocide.Although Jewish Christians hailed Jesus as the Messiah and did not support Bar Kokhba, they were barred from Jerusalem along with the rest of the Jews. The war and its aftermath helped differentiate Christianity as a religion distinct from Judaism (see also Split of early Christianity and Judaism).

    Monumental building

    • Temple of Venus and Roma
      The Temple of Venus and Roma — in Latin, Templum Veneris et Romae — is thought to have been the largest temple in Ancient Rome. Located on the Velian Hill, between the eastern edge of the Forum Romanum and the Colosseum, it was dedicated to the goddesses Venus Felix ("Venus the Bringer of Good Fortune") and Roma Aeterna ("Eternal Rome"). The architect was the emperor Hadrian and construction began in 121. It was officially inaugurated by Hadrian in 135, and finished in 141 under Antoninus Pius. Damaged by fire in 307, it was restored with alterations by the emperor Maxentius.

    This page is available in: xml json rdf representations.

    Social Bookmarking: