Nero

Reece Period attributed: Period 3

Obverse image of a coin of Nero

Member of the Julio-Claudians dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 54 until 68.

Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (December 15, 37 - June 9, 68), born Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, also called Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus, was the fifth and last Roman Emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty (54 - 68). Nero became heir to the then emperor, his grand-uncle and adoptive father Claudius. As Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus, he succeeded to the throne on October 13, 54 following Claudius' death. In 66, he added the title imperator to his name. In 68, Nero was deposed. His subsequent death was reportedly the result of suicide assisted by his scribe Epaphroditos motivated by the threat of execution.

Popular legend remembers Nero as a playboy engaged in petty amusements while neglecting the problems of the Roman city and empire, the emperor who "fiddled while Rome burned".

These assumptions of his behavior are based entirely on hostile sources; namely Suetonius, Dio Cassius and Tacitus. Nero's life was documented almost entirely by his primary rivals - the senatorial class who were pro-Flavian.

The changing face of Nero

A composite image showing the changing profile of Nero. A further rendering of this change in a video from the British Museum.

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 212 examples.

PAS record number: BH-752819

Record: BH-752819
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper-alloy As of Nero, dating to AD c. 65 (Reece period 3). PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT S C reverse depicting a view of one front of …
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PAS record number: LEIC-6451F4

Record: LEIC-6451F4
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A Roman silver denarius of Nero, reverse type IVPPIT[ER C]VSTOR, AD66/67, Rome RIC 64.
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PAS record number: WMID-BD4583

Record: WMID-BD4583
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper alloy as of Nero (AD 54-68), dating to the period AD 64-68 (Reece Period 3). S C reverse type depicting Victory left holding shield …
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PAS record number: SWYOR-BD28DC

Record: SWYOR-BD28DC
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper alloy Roman coin; an As possibly of Nero (AD 54 - 68) dating from AD 64 - 68. The coin is worn and corroded making identification un…
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PAS record number: IOW-80DF22

Record: IOW-80DF22
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A complete Roman copper-alloy as of Nero (AD 54-68), dating to AD 66 (Reece period 3). S C reverse type depicting Victory flying left, holdin…
Workflow: PublishedFind validated and published by finds advisers

Other resources about Nero

View all coins recorded by the scheme attributed to Nero.

Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Nero
  • Full names:
    • Nero
    • Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (as emperor)
    • Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus (adoption to accession)
    • Imperator Nero Cladius Divi Claudius filius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (imperial name)
    • Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus (birth to adoption)
  • Title:5th Emperor of the Roman Empire
  • Predecessor: Claudius
  • Successor: Galba
  • Definition: Nero was Roman Emperor from 54 to 68, and the last in the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Nero was adopted by his great uncle Claudius to become his heir and successor, and succeeded to the throne in 54 following Claudius' death. During his reign, Nero focused much of his attention on diplomacy, trade, and enhancing the cultural life of the Empire. He ordered theaters built and promoted athletic games. During his reign, the redoubtable general Corbulo conducted a successful war and negotiated peace with the Parthian Empire. His general Suetonius Paulinus crushed a revolt in Britain and also annexed the Bosporan Kingdom to the Empire, beginning the First Roman–Jewish War. In 64, most of Rome was destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome, which many Romans believed Nero himself had started in order to clear land for his planned palatial complex, the Domus Aurea. In 68, the rebellion of Vindex in Gaul and later the acclamation of Galba in Hispania drove Nero from the throne. Facing assassination, he committed suicide on 9 June 68 (the first Roman emperor to do so). His death ended the Julio-Claudian Dynasty, sparking a brief period of civil wars known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Nero's rule is often associated with tyranny and extravagance. He is known for many executions, including that of his mother, and the probable murder by poison of his stepbrother Britannicus. He is infamously known as the Emperor who "fiddled while Rome burned" (although this is now considered an inaccurate rumor) and as an early persecutor of Christians. He was known for having captured Christians to burn them in his garden at night for a source of light. This view is based on the writings of Tacitus, Suetonius, and Cassius Dio, the main surviving sources for Nero's reign. Few surviving sources paint Nero in a favorable light. Some sources, though, including some mentioned above, portray him as an emperor who was popular with the common Roman people, especially in the East. Some modern historians question the reliability of ancient sources when reporting on Nero's tyrannical acts.
  • Parents:
  • Birth place: Italy (Roman Empire), Anzio
  • Death place:
  • Spouse:
  • Other title(s):
    • Consul of the Roman Empire
    • Julio-Claudian dynasty
    • List of Roman emperors
  • Came After:
    • Publius Petronius Turpilianus and Lucius Caesennius Paetus
    • Gaius Vipstanus Apronianus and Gaius Fonteius Capito
    • Quintus Volusius Saturninus and Publius Cornelius Lentulus Scipio
  • Came before:
    • Marcus Acilius Aviola and Marcus Asinius Marcellus
    • Gaius Vipstanus Apronianus and Gaius Fonteius Capito
    • Claudius
    • Quintus Volusius Saturninus and Publius Cornelius Lentulus Scipio
  • Subjects on wikipedia:

Notable commands

    Monumental building

    • Domus Aurea
      The Domus Aurea (Latin, "Golden House") was a large landscaped portico villa built by the Emperor Nero in the heart of ancient Rome, after the great fire in A.D. 64 had cleared away the aristocratic dwellings on the slopes of the Palatine Hill.

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