Augustus

Reece Period attributed: Period 1

Obverse image of a coin of Augustus

Member of the Julio-Claudians dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from -31 until 14.

Augustus (born Gaius Octavius) was the great nephew and adopted son of Julius Caesar. In the years immediately after Caesar's assassination in 44 BC, Augustus and Mark Antony (Caesar's closest friend and ally) set out to avenge his murder. Within a decade, however, relations between the two had broken down and the Roman World was plunged into civil war. By 31 BC Augustus had emerged as the undisputed victor: Rome's first emperor.

Rome had been a republic for centuries since the fall of its kings and was ruled by the Senate (its supreme political body) and the Roman people. Augustus was anxious that his political position was acceptable to everyone. He based his powers on traditional political offices and presented himself as the "first man" of the Senate rather than as a king. In this way he cleverly preserved the ideals of the Roman Republic.

In about 23 BC, Augustus reformed the coinage. He continued to produce the gold aureus and the silver denarius, but introduced a series of new copper-alloy denominations. The new coinage system was more advanced than anything the ancient world had seen.

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 130 examples.

PAS record number: NARC-89F617

Record: NARC-89F617
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: Silver denarius of Augustus (27 BC - AD 14), dating to c. 18 BC (Reece Period 1) at uncertain mint located in Spain: Obverse: Roman eagle …
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PAS record number: LANCUM-5DA3C5

Record: LANCUM-5DA3C5
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: An Roman copper alloy as of Augustus dating to 15BC (Reece period 1). Obverse: [CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST]; Reverse: L SVRDINVS IIIVIR …
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PAS record number: HAMP-A09E47

Record: HAMP-A09E47
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A Roman denarius of Augustus (AD 31 BC - AD 14), AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT reverse type around Gaius and Lucius Caesar, left and right…
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PAS record number: CAM-3A85B2

Record: CAM-3A85B2
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper-alloy core of a plated contemporary copy of a denarius of Augustus 27BC-AD14. Mint uncertain c.12BC-AD14, (Reece period 1). Revers…
Workflow: PublishedFind validated and published by finds advisers

PAS record number: CAM-B69432

Record: CAM-B69432
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: Silver denarius of Augustus (27 BC - AD 14), dating to 15-13 BC (Reece Period 1), IMP X, Bull butting right. Mint of Lugdunum. RIC I, p. 52, …
Workflow: PublishedFind validated and published by finds advisers

Other resources about Augustus

View all coins recorded by the scheme attributed to Augustus.

Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Augustus
  • Full names:
    • Augustus
    • Imperator Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Divi Filius Augustus
  • Title:1st Emperor of the Roman Empire
  • Predecessor: Roman Empire
  • Successor: Tiberius
  • Definition: Augustus (Latin: Imperator Caesar Divi F. Augustus, 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was the founder of the Roman Empire and its first Emperor, ruling from 27 BC until his death in 14 AD. Born into an old, wealthy equestrian branch of the plebeian Octavii family, in 44 BC Augustus was adopted posthumously by his maternal great-uncle Gaius Julius Caesar following Caesar's assassination. Together with Mark Antony and Marcus Lepidus, he formed the Second Triumvirate to defeat the assassins of Caesar. Following their victory at Phillipi, the Triumvirate divided the Roman Republic among themselves and ruled as military dictators. The Triumvirate was eventually torn apart under the competing ambitions of its members: Lepidus was driven into exile and stripped of his position, and Antony committed suicide following his defeat at the Battle of Actium by Augustus in 31 BC. After the demise of the Second Triumvirate, Augustus restored the outward facade of the free Republic, with governmental power vested in the Roman Senate, the executive magistrates, and the legislative assemblies. In reality, however, he retained his autocratic power over the Republic as a military dictator. By law, Augustus held a collection of powers granted to him for life by the Senate, including supreme military command, and those of tribune and censor. It took several years for Augustus to develop the framework within which a formally republican state could be led under his sole rule. He rejected monarchical titles, and instead called himself Princeps Civitatis ("First Citizen"). The resulting constitutional framework became known as the Principate, the first phase of the Roman Empire. The reign of Augustus initiated an era of relative peace known as the Pax Romana (The Roman Peace). Despite continuous wars or imperial expansion on the Empire's frontiers and one year-long civil war over the imperial succession, the Mediterranean world remained at peace for more than two centuries. Augustus dramatically enlarged the Empire, annexing Egypt, Dalmatia, Pannonia, Noricum, and Raetia, expanded possessions in Africa, expanded into Germania, and completed the conquest of Hispania. Beyond the frontiers, he secured the Empire with a buffer region of client states, and made peace with the Parthian Empire through diplomacy. He reformed the Roman system of taxation, developed networks of roads with an official courier system, established a standing army, established the Praetorian Guard, created official police and fire-fighting services for Rome, and rebuilt much of the city during his reign. Augustus died in 14 AD at the age of 75. He may have died from natural causes, although there were unconfirmed rumors that his wife Livia poisoned him. He was succeeded as Emperor by his adopted son (also stepson and former son-in-law), Tiberius.
  • Parents:
  • Birth place: Roman Republic, Rome
  • Death place: Roman Empire, Nola, Italy (Roman Empire)
  • Spouse:
  • Other title(s):
    • Roman emperor
    • Consul of the Roman Republic
    • Consul of the Roman Empire
    • Pontifex Maximus
    • Consul of the Roman Republic
    • Julio-Claudian dynasty
  • Came After:
    • Cossus Cornelius Lentulus and Lucius Calpurnius Piso
    • Marcus Claudius Marcellus Aeserninus and Lucius Arruntius
    • Gaius Calvisius Sabinus and Lucius Passienus Rufus
    • Tiberius
    • Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Gaius Sosius
    • Marcus Aemilius Lepidus and Lucius Munatius Plancus
  • Came before:
    • Lucius Cornelius Lentulus and Marcus Valerius Messalla Messallinus
    • Aulus Hirtius and Gaius Vibius Pansa Caetronianus
    • Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Gaius Sosius
    • Marcus Antonius and Lucius Scribonius Libo and Aemilius Lepidus Paullus
    • Decius Laelius Balbus and Gnaeus Antistius Vetus
  • Subjects on wikipedia:

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