Medieval coin guide

The coins of medieval England are far more standardised than many of their early medieval forebears, and give details of the issuing mints and, until the late 13th century, the moneyer of the coins. Over 20,000 medieval coins have now been recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme and they have become an extremely important resource to explore the economic and monetary history of this country.

Quite a number of medieval coins have also been found bent and pierced and these coins can tell us about ways in which people used coins in a more symbolic way. For instance, the bending of coins may be related to pilgrimage and promises to the saint. It is vital that we know such information, and shows that all medieval coins, regardless of condition, are important and should be recorded and studied.

This guide has developed over several years and will continue to do so over time. It provides an introduction to the coins of the period, a visual aid to identification of coins commonly found in England and Wales, and will allow for easy searching of the database. You can search on any medieval ruler in England from William the Conqueror to Henry VII (1066-1509) and a number of foreign rulers, including the kings of Scotland. You can also search by the coins themselves, from broader categories of coins, divided into the major groupings of coins, providing information on a wide range of types in a single search to individual coin types or mints.

From the late 13th century, the range of denominations increasing greatly with both gold and small silver fractions (halfpennies and farthings) regularly issued. You can search these by denomination


 

Latest notable coins

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 29,759 examples.

PAS record number: NMGW-39F952

Record: NMGW-39F952
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Medieval silver coin Henry III 'Long Cross' cut halfpenny Class 3, possibly 3b (c. 1248-50) London, uncertain moneyer [ ]ONL-VND 0.75g
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PAS record number: IOW-398D12

Record: IOW-398D12
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: An incomplete and worn Medieval silver halfpenny of Edward III (1327-1377), minted at London. Second star marked coinage, 1335-1343 (North 199…
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PAS record number: LIN-396939

Record: LIN-396939
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A silver farthing, probably of Edward II, Class 13, mint of London, struck 1307-27.
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PAS record number: NMGW-395300

Record: NMGW-395300
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Medieval silver coin Edward II (1307-27) penny, London Class 11b3 (c. 1311-14) 1.11g, worn
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PAS record number: DUR-3943AA

Record: DUR-3943AA
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A cut silver halfpenny of Henry III dating to the period AD 1248 to 1250. North Number 986/1.
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