Medieval coin guide

The coins of medieval England are far more standardised than many of their early medieval forebears, and give details of the issuing mints and, until the late 13th century, the moneyer of the coins. Over 20,000 medieval coins have now been recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme and they have become an extremely important resource to explore the economic and monetary history of this country.

Quite a number of medieval coins have also been found bent and pierced and these coins can tell us about ways in which people used coins in a more symbolic way. For instance, the bending of coins may be related to pilgrimage and promises to the saint. It is vital that we know such information, and shows that all medieval coins, regardless of condition, are important and should be recorded and studied.

This guide has developed over several years and will continue to do so over time. It provides an introduction to the coins of the period, a visual aid to identification of coins commonly found in England and Wales, and will allow for easy searching of the database. You can search on any medieval ruler in England from William the Conqueror to Henry VII (1066-1509) and a number of foreign rulers, including the kings of Scotland. You can also search by the coins themselves, from broader categories of coins, divided into the major groupings of coins, providing information on a wide range of types in a single search to individual coin types or mints.

From the late 13th century, the range of denominations increasing greatly with both gold and small silver fractions (halfpennies and farthings) regularly issued. You can search these by denomination


 

Latest notable coins

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 29,144 examples.

PAS record number: DENO-09D5DD

Record: DENO-09D5DD
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A complete Medieval silver coin, a penny of Edward I (1272-1307), class 10cf, London mint, minted between AD 1305-1310. Coin Reference: North…
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PAS record number: DENO-07D783

Record: DENO-07D783
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Near complete silver long cross penny of Edward I, class 3cd, minted in Bristol, dating to 1280-1281. Coin Reference: North: number 1018.
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PAS record number: DENO-073D83

Record: DENO-073D83
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Complete but worn silver hammered Medieval penny of Henry III (1216-1272), voided long cross type (1247-1272), moneyer Robert, Canterbury mint…
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PAS record number: SUR-F3CB8D

Record: SUR-F3CB8D
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A fragment of a penny of Henry VII, sovereign facing type, York mint under Archbishop Rotherham. 1480-1500. North 1727-9.
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PAS record number: IOW-F3C9B0

Record: IOW-F3C9B0
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: An incomplete and double-struck Medieval silver short cross penny. The curls and style of the letter 'A' signify that the coin is possibly a c…
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