Medieval coin guide

The coins of medieval England are far more standardised than many of their early medieval forebears, and give details of the issuing mints and, until the late 13th century, the moneyer of the coins. Over 20,000 medieval coins have now been recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme and they have become an extremely important resource to explore the economic and monetary history of this country.

Quite a number of medieval coins have also been found bent and pierced and these coins can tell us about ways in which people used coins in a more symbolic way. For instance, the bending of coins may be related to pilgrimage and promises to the saint. It is vital that we know such information, and shows that all medieval coins, regardless of condition, are important and should be recorded and studied.

This guide has developed over several years and will continue to do so over time. It provides an introduction to the coins of the period, a visual aid to identification of coins commonly found in England and Wales, and will allow for easy searching of the database. You can search on any medieval ruler in England from William the Conqueror to Henry VII (1066-1509) and a number of foreign rulers, including the kings of Scotland. You can also search by the coins themselves, from broader categories of coins, divided into the major groupings of coins, providing information on a wide range of types in a single search to individual coin types or mints.

From the late 13th century, the range of denominations increasing greatly with both gold and small silver fractions (halfpennies and farthings) regularly issued. You can search these by denomination


 

Latest notable coins

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 28,843 examples.

PAS record number: WAW-2570C7

Record: WAW-2570C7
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Medieval coin: penny of Edward IV, Second reign (1471-1483) minted in Durham between 1471 and 1483. North No. 1659.
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PAS record number: WAW-252F6C

Record: WAW-252F6C
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Medieval coin: penny of Edward III (1327-1377) minted in London, between 1363 and 1369. North No. 1264.
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PAS record number: NMGW-23B333

Record: NMGW-23B333
Object type: COIN HOARD
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: The fourteen coins appear to form a single group, lost or deposited in the middle of the fifteenth century. The earliest coins, of Edward III …
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PAS record number: CORN-17CD76

Record: CORN-17CD76
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Silver cut half of a short cross penny of William I of Scotland (1165-1214), Phase B, late or posthumous issue, c.1205-1230, moneyer Walter, E…
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PAS record number: IOW-169995

Record: IOW-169995
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A complete and worn Medieval silver penny of Edward I (1272-1307), minted at Canterbury. Possibly class 10cf, 1305-1310 (North 1991: 32, refs:…
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