Medieval coin guide

The coins of medieval England are far more standardised than many of their early medieval forebears, and give details of the issuing mints and, until the late 13th century, the moneyer of the coins. Over 20,000 medieval coins have now been recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme and they have become an extremely important resource to explore the economic and monetary history of this country.

Quite a number of medieval coins have also been found bent and pierced and these coins can tell us about ways in which people used coins in a more symbolic way. For instance, the bending of coins may be related to pilgrimage and promises to the saint. It is vital that we know such information, and shows that all medieval coins, regardless of condition, are important and should be recorded and studied.

This guide has developed over several years and will continue to do so over time. It provides an introduction to the coins of the period, a visual aid to identification of coins commonly found in England and Wales, and will allow for easy searching of the database. You can search on any medieval ruler in England from William the Conqueror to Henry VII (1066-1509) and a number of foreign rulers, including the kings of Scotland. You can also search by the coins themselves, from broader categories of coins, divided into the major groupings of coins, providing information on a wide range of types in a single search to individual coin types or mints.

From the late 13th century, the range of denominations increasing greatly with both gold and small silver fractions (halfpennies and farthings) regularly issued. You can search these by denomination


 

Latest notable coins

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 30,093 examples.

PAS record number: WMID-87E6AB

Record: WMID-87E6AB
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A complete silver penny of Edward I (AD 1272 to AD 1307), dating to the period AD 1299 to AD 1300. Mint: Newcastle. Class 9b. North vol 2, p 3…
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PAS record number: LVPL-85C4BA

Record: LVPL-85C4BA
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A silver penny of Edward II, (1307-1327). Class 11b1 penny of the Canterbury mint, AD1310-14. North no. 1061/1.
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PAS record number: LVPL-85A884

Record: LVPL-85A884
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A silver penny of Edward II, (1307-1327). Class 15a of the London mint, AD 1319-20. North no. 1066.
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PAS record number: LVPL-856B36

Record: LVPL-856B36
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A silver farthing of Edward I, (AD1272-1307) of Withers types 9-13 (small flan types with no inner circle on obverse) London mint AD1280-82. …
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PAS record number: GLO-84AACE

Record: GLO-84AACE
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Silver penny of Edward III forth coinage Date c1356-1361 Obverse: crowned bust facing forwards E[DWARDVS] REX ANGLI Reverse: Long cross with p…
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