Medieval coin guide

The coins of medieval England are far more standardised than many of their early medieval forebears, and give details of the issuing mints and, until the late 13th century, the moneyer of the coins. Over 20,000 medieval coins have now been recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme and they have become an extremely important resource to explore the economic and monetary history of this country.

Quite a number of medieval coins have also been found bent and pierced and these coins can tell us about ways in which people used coins in a more symbolic way. For instance, the bending of coins may be related to pilgrimage and promises to the saint. It is vital that we know such information, and shows that all medieval coins, regardless of condition, are important and should be recorded and studied.

This guide has developed over several years and will continue to do so over time. It provides an introduction to the coins of the period, a visual aid to identification of coins commonly found in England and Wales, and will allow for easy searching of the database. You can search on any medieval ruler in England from William the Conqueror to Henry VII (1066-1509) and a number of foreign rulers, including the kings of Scotland. You can also search by the coins themselves, from broader categories of coins, divided into the major groupings of coins, providing information on a wide range of types in a single search to individual coin types or mints.

From the late 13th century, the range of denominations increasing greatly with both gold and small silver fractions (halfpennies and farthings) regularly issued. You can search these by denomination


 

Latest notable coins

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 30,034 examples.

PAS record number: WAW-F6B817

Record: WAW-F6B817
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Medieval coin: silver penny, probably of Edward I minted in London mint between 1279 and 1307.
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PAS record number: YORYM-F43AAD

Record: YORYM-F43AAD
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A silver penny of Edward I dating to the period AD 1282 - 1289. Long cross reverse. Mint of London. Class 4. North Vol 2, p.29, no.1023-1026.
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PAS record number: YORYM-F20FDE

Record: YORYM-F20FDE
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A silver halfpenny of Henry V dating to the period AD 1413 - 1422. Long cross reverse. Mint of London. Withers Type 11.
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PAS record number: GLO-E220BB

Record: GLO-E220BB
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Penny of Edward IV minted under Archbishop George Neville Date 1465-1470 Obverse: crowned bust facing forwards G and key by neck EDWAR[D DI GR…
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PAS record number: GLO-E17E8B

Record: GLO-E17E8B
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A farthing of Edward II, 1310-1314, class 30a London mint. Obverse: crowded bust facing forwards EDWARDVS REX Reverse: Long cross with three p…
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