Medieval coin guide

The coins of medieval England are far more standardised than many of their early medieval forebears, and give details of the issuing mints and, until the late 13th century, the moneyer of the coins. Over 20,000 medieval coins have now been recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme and they have become an extremely important resource to explore the economic and monetary history of this country.

Quite a number of medieval coins have also been found bent and pierced and these coins can tell us about ways in which people used coins in a more symbolic way. For instance, the bending of coins may be related to pilgrimage and promises to the saint. It is vital that we know such information, and shows that all medieval coins, regardless of condition, are important and should be recorded and studied.

This guide has developed over several years and will continue to do so over time. It provides an introduction to the coins of the period, a visual aid to identification of coins commonly found in England and Wales, and will allow for easy searching of the database. You can search on any medieval ruler in England from William the Conqueror to Henry VII (1066-1509) and a number of foreign rulers, including the kings of Scotland. You can also search by the coins themselves, from broader categories of coins, divided into the major groupings of coins, providing information on a wide range of types in a single search to individual coin types or mints.

From the late 13th century, the range of denominations increasing greatly with both gold and small silver fractions (halfpennies and farthings) regularly issued. You can search these by denomination


 

Latest notable coins

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 29,112 examples.

PAS record number: GLO-DE6C50

Record: GLO-DE6C50
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Silver penny of Edward I Class 10ab6 Date c1305 Obverse: crowned bust facing forwards Obverse inscription: E[DWA R] AN[GL DNS H]YB Reverse: lo…
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PAS record number: IOW-DCCE61

Record: IOW-DCCE61
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A complete Medieval silver penny of Edward III (1327-1377), minted at London. Initial mark: cross pattée. Third (Florin) Coinage, 1344-1351 (…
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PAS record number: SWYOR-DA7F1E

Record: SWYOR-DA7F1E
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A Medieval silver coin: a groat of Henry VII, facing bust issue, class 3c, London mint, anchor initial mark, dating from AD 1490 - 1504. It is…
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PAS record number: YORYM-CA1DD7

Record: YORYM-CA1DD7
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: The coin is a silver groat (4d) of Henry VI. It was struck at the mint of Calais between 1422 and 1427. The coin is of the 'annulet' type with…
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PAS record number: SUR-C68B47

Record: SUR-C68B47
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: An incomplete penny of Edward IV, Light coinage, 1464-1470. Mint of York. North 1599.
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