Medieval coin guide

The coins of medieval England are far more standardised than many of their early medieval forebears, and give details of the issuing mints and, until the late 13th century, the moneyer of the coins. Over 20,000 medieval coins have now been recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme and they have become an extremely important resource to explore the economic and monetary history of this country.

Quite a number of medieval coins have also been found bent and pierced and these coins can tell us about ways in which people used coins in a more symbolic way. For instance, the bending of coins may be related to pilgrimage and promises to the saint. It is vital that we know such information, and shows that all medieval coins, regardless of condition, are important and should be recorded and studied.

This guide has developed over several years and will continue to do so over time. It provides an introduction to the coins of the period, a visual aid to identification of coins commonly found in England and Wales, and will allow for easy searching of the database. You can search on any medieval ruler in England from William the Conqueror to Henry VII (1066-1509) and a number of foreign rulers, including the kings of Scotland. You can also search by the coins themselves, from broader categories of coins, divided into the major groupings of coins, providing information on a wide range of types in a single search to individual coin types or mints.

From the late 13th century, the range of denominations increasing greatly with both gold and small silver fractions (halfpennies and farthings) regularly issued. You can search these by denomination


 

Latest notable coins

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 30,325 examples.

PAS record number: KENT-3F05E8

Record: KENT-3F05E8
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Medieval silver penny of Richard III (1483-1485), minted at York, 1483-1485 AD, North 1686.
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PAS record number: LANCUM-2F5A82

Record: LANCUM-2F5A82
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A silver cut halfpenny of Henry III, c.AD 1251-1272, class 5, possibly minted by HENRI in London. The recorder has not seen the object and th…
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PAS record number: LANCUM-2F4DF0

Record: LANCUM-2F4DF0
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A silver penny of Edward I, C.AD 1299-1301, class 9b2, Canterbury mint. As North (1991) number 1037/1. The recorder has not seen the object a…
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PAS record number: LANCUM-2F3BC9

Record: LANCUM-2F3BC9
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A silver penny of Edward I ,c. AD 1280-1291 of either class 3g, 4 or 5, London mint. The recorder has not seen the object and the identificat…
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PAS record number: DEV-2D7506

Record: DEV-2D7506
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A Post Medieval silver hammered coin. The coin is a pre-treaty period groat of Edward III (AD 1327 - 1377). The coin probably dates from AD 13…
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