Medieval coin guide

The coins of medieval England are far more standardised than many of their early medieval forebears, and give details of the issuing mints and, until the late 13th century, the moneyer of the coins. Over 20,000 medieval coins have now been recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme and they have become an extremely important resource to explore the economic and monetary history of this country.

Quite a number of medieval coins have also been found bent and pierced and these coins can tell us about ways in which people used coins in a more symbolic way. For instance, the bending of coins may be related to pilgrimage and promises to the saint. It is vital that we know such information, and shows that all medieval coins, regardless of condition, are important and should be recorded and studied.

This guide has developed over several years and will continue to do so over time. It provides an introduction to the coins of the period, a visual aid to identification of coins commonly found in England and Wales, and will allow for easy searching of the database. You can search on any medieval ruler in England from William the Conqueror to Henry VII (1066-1509) and a number of foreign rulers, including the kings of Scotland. You can also search by the coins themselves, from broader categories of coins, divided into the major groupings of coins, providing information on a wide range of types in a single search to individual coin types or mints.

From the late 13th century, the range of denominations increasing greatly with both gold and small silver fractions (halfpennies and farthings) regularly issued. You can search these by denomination


 

Latest notable coins

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 29,694 examples.

PAS record number: NMGW-A72C86

Record: NMGW-A72C86
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Medieval silver coin Edward I (1272-1307) penny, London Class 9b1 (c. 1299-1301) 1.35g, worn and folded
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PAS record number: NMGW-A6AA3D

Record: NMGW-A6AA3D
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Medieval silver coin Edward III (1327-77) halfpenny, London 'Florin' coinage of 1344-51 0.57g
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PAS record number: NMGW-A635BE

Record: NMGW-A635BE
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Medieval silver coin Probably Edward II (1307-27) penny, Canterbury Class 11, c. 1310-14 0.79g, clipped and worn
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PAS record number: HAMP-A559C1

Record: HAMP-A559C1
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: A Medieval voided long cross penny of Henry III (1216-72), class 5a, minted at London by Henri, 1251-72. Reference: North 991 The coin has som…
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PAS record number: NMGW-A44F07

Record: NMGW-A44F07
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Description: Medieval silver coin York penny of Edward IV (or earlier) 0.44g, worn and clipped
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind waiting to be validated

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