Early Medieval coin guide

Early-Medieval Visigothic 'pseudo-imperial' gold tremissis

The coins of early medieval England are extremely varied ranging from the early gold and silver coins of the 7th century with their pictorial designs and little or no inscription to the Late Anglo-Saxon pennies of the 11th century which give names of kings, moneyers and mint places.

Around 2,000 coins dating to this period have so far been recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme, and these are helping to further our understanding of how early medieval coins circulated and were used. All early medieval coins are important, regardless of condition, and it is important that all are recorded. Our database overlaps significantly with the Early Medieval Coin Corpus (also known as the EMC) based at the Fitzwilliam in Cambridge. We work closely with them, so coins reported to us, will have their details passed on.

This guide has developed over several years and will continue to do so over time. It provides an introduction to the coins of the period, a visual aid to identification of coins commonly found in England and Wales, and will allow for easy searching of the database. You can search on any early medieval ruler in England and a number of foreign rulers, as well as broader categories of coins such as the coins produced by certain kingdoms.

You can also search by denomination, although the vast majority of coins listed are either 'sceattas' or 'pennies'. By the late 10th century, the mint places of coins are regularly listed and these can also provide a useful search tool.

Latest notable coins

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 2,577 examples.

PAS record number: LIN-3993DD

Record: LIN-3993DD
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: Fragment of an Anglo-Saxon silver sceatta, Series N (Type 41b) (struck AD715-720).
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PAS record number: NMGW-37B023

Record: NMGW-37B023
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: Early Medieval silver coin Silver sceatta; Series X; wodan head / monster Danish or perhaps an English copy (c. 700-750) 1.18g, corroded
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PAS record number: LVPL-2515E3

Record: LVPL-2515E3
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: A silver penny of Edward the Confessor, (AD 1040-1042). 'Small flan' type, B.M.C type II. Obverse: EDPERR[..]E; diadem and cuirassed bust lef…
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PAS record number: IOW-4D8C2D

Record: IOW-4D8C2D
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: A complete Early-Medieval (Anglo-Saxon) silver penny of Cnut (1016-1035), minted at Stamford, 1029-1036 (North 1994: 168, ref: 790). Obverse:…
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PAS record number: PUBLIC-3DB12D

Record: PUBLIC-3DB12D
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: Early Medieval silver sceat, Series E (secondary type, Variety A varient, porcupine and standard), c.AD 715-765, North (1993:61) no. 48.
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind waiting to be validated

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