Early Medieval coin guide

Early-Medieval Visigothic 'pseudo-imperial' gold tremissis

The coins of early medieval England are extremely varied ranging from the early gold and silver coins of the 7th century with their pictorial designs and little or no inscription to the Late Anglo-Saxon pennies of the 11th century which give names of kings, moneyers and mint places.

Around 2,000 coins dating to this period have so far been recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme, and these are helping to further our understanding of how early medieval coins circulated and were used. All early medieval coins are important, regardless of condition, and it is important that all are recorded. Our database overlaps significantly with the Early Medieval Coin Corpus (also known as the EMC) based at the Fitzwilliam in Cambridge. We work closely with them, so coins reported to us, will have their details passed on.

This guide has developed over several years and will continue to do so over time. It provides an introduction to the coins of the period, a visual aid to identification of coins commonly found in England and Wales, and will allow for easy searching of the database. You can search on any early medieval ruler in England and a number of foreign rulers, as well as broader categories of coins such as the coins produced by certain kingdoms.

You can also search by denomination, although the vast majority of coins listed are either 'sceattas' or 'pennies'. By the late 10th century, the mint places of coins are regularly listed and these can also provide a useful search tool.

Latest notable coins

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 2,556 examples.

PAS record number: LANCUM-AA972C

Record: LANCUM-AA972C
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: Early medieval silver penny of Offa dating from c. AD?765-792. North 259. Obverse: OFAR in the angles of a plain cross Reverse: ALHMVND Smal…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind waiting to be validated

PAS record number: LANCUM-9E265D

Record: LANCUM-9E265D
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: Middle Early-Medieval Anglo-Frisian gold solidus dating from c.AD825-850, imitating a Solidus of Louis the Pious (AD 814-840). It is 20.63x20.…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind waiting to be validated

PAS record number: KENT-962E40

Record: KENT-962E40
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: An Anglo-Saxon silver sceatta, Series N (Type 41b/41a) (AD715-720).
Workflow: PublishedFind validated and published by finds advisers

PAS record number: SUSS-851CE9

Record: SUSS-851CE9
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: An Early Medieval cut halfpenny of Aethelred II, dating from AD c. 1009-1017. 'Last Small Cross' type. Moneyer: Godere (probably). Mint of Lon…
Workflow: PublishedFind validated and published by finds advisers

PAS record number: YORYM-6E25C1

Record: YORYM-6E25C1
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: A complete copper alloy blundered styca of Early-medieval date. Kings of the Kingdom of Northumbria and Archbishops of York. (AD 810-900).
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind waiting to be validated

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