Early Medieval coin guide

Early-Medieval Visigothic 'pseudo-imperial' gold tremissis

The coins of early medieval England are extremely varied ranging from the early gold and silver coins of the 7th century with their pictorial designs and little or no inscription to the Late Anglo-Saxon pennies of the 11th century which give names of kings, moneyers and mint places.

Around 2,000 coins dating to this period have so far been recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme, and these are helping to further our understanding of how early medieval coins circulated and were used. All early medieval coins are important, regardless of condition, and it is important that all are recorded. Our database overlaps significantly with the Early Medieval Coin Corpus (also known as the EMC) based at the Fitzwilliam in Cambridge. We work closely with them, so coins reported to us, will have their details passed on.

This guide has developed over several years and will continue to do so over time. It provides an introduction to the coins of the period, a visual aid to identification of coins commonly found in England and Wales, and will allow for easy searching of the database. You can search on any early medieval ruler in England and a number of foreign rulers, as well as broader categories of coins such as the coins produced by certain kingdoms.

You can also search by denomination, although the vast majority of coins listed are either 'sceattas' or 'pennies'. By the late 10th century, the mint places of coins are regularly listed and these can also provide a useful search tool.

Latest notable coins

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 2,505 examples.

PAS record number: NLM-E249F4

Record: NLM-E249F4
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: Silver Coin fragment. Penny of Athelstan (924-939), as kindly identified by the finder. Obverse description: Profile crowned/diademed bust ri…
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PAS record number: SWYOR-67ADAC

Record: SWYOR-67ADAC
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: An Early Medieval copper alloy coin: a styca of Archbishop Wigmund of York, dating from about AD 837 - 854, moneyer Coenred. It is 12.9mm in d…
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PAS record number: SWYOR-6570AC

Record: SWYOR-6570AC
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: An Early Medieval copper alloy coin: a styca of Aethelred II, probably 2nd reign (844 - 848), Group Ci, struck by the moneyer Eardvvlf. The ob…
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PAS record number: SWYOR-644EF8

Record: SWYOR-644EF8
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: An Early-Medieval silver coin: a damaged Continental sceat of Series D, type 2c, dating from AD 700 - 715, struck in the Netherlands. There is…
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PAS record number: NMS-D6207B

Record: NMS-D6207B
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: Silver penny of Edward the Confessor, large size Expanding cross type, moneyer Erncetel of York (blundered), North 823, weight 1.56g, 1052-3
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