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Early Medieval coin guide

Early-Medieval Visigothic 'pseudo-imperial' gold tremissis

The coins of early medieval England are extremely varied ranging from the early gold and silver coins of the 7th century with their pictorial designs and little or no inscription to the Late Anglo-Saxon pennies of the 11th century which give names of kings, moneyers and mint places.

Around 2,000 coins dating to this period have so far been recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme, and these are helping to further our understanding of how early medieval coins circulated and were used. All early medieval coins are important, regardless of condition, and it is important that all are recorded. Our database overlaps significantly with the Early Medieval Coin Corpus (also known as the EMC) based at the Fitzwilliam in Cambridge. We work closely with them, so coins reported to us, will have their details passed on.

This guide has developed over several years and will continue to do so over time. It provides an introduction to the coins of the period, a visual aid to identification of coins commonly found in England and Wales, and will allow for easy searching of the database. You can search on any early medieval ruler in England and a number of foreign rulers, as well as broader categories of coins such as the coins produced by certain kingdoms.

You can also search by denomination, although the vast majority of coins listed are either 'sceattas' or 'pennies'. By the late 10th century, the mint places of coins are regularly listed and these can also provide a useful search tool.

Latest notable coins

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 2,629 examples.

PAS record number: BERK-248433

Record: BERK-248433
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: A silver penny of Baldred, King of Kent AD 823-825 (after which he was expelled). This coin is a non-bust issue (North N216), struck in Canter…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind waiting to be validated

PAS record number: YORYM-CD9FB8

Record: YORYM-CD9FB8
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: A complete silver cut half penny of Edward the confessor. Pyramid reverse with short voided cross and pyramid in three quadrants with a termin…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind waiting to be validated

PAS record number: NMS-7E793D

Record: NMS-7E793D
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: Silver sceatta, imitation of Series C, very similar to the line drawing of a specimen from Aston Rowant (1988/279a) illustrated in Metcalf vol…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind waiting to be validated

PAS record number: NMS-641C8C

Record: NMS-641C8C
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: Silver penny of Coenwulf of Mercia, Substantive type without portrait, reverse Tribrach of three line, moneyer Eaba of Canterbury, weight 1.23…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind waiting to be validated

PAS record number: LANCUM-3E51D8

Record: LANCUM-3E51D8
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Description: An early medieval Merovingian gold tremissis of Dondrijp type (Pol Series 4 Class 2; MEC 519-20 (die duplicate); Prou 1240), probably minted i…
Workflow: PublishedFind validated and published by finds advisers

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