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    • Manufacture: Ground/polished
  • Thumbnail image of SUR-851CC8

Record ID: SUR-851CC8
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Wokingham
Workflow stage: Published Find validated and published by finds advisers
A Neolithic polished or ground flint axe. The axe is complete save for some recent damage near the blade and on the butt on one side only. The axe has been made from a mottled grey flint which is now patinated a greenish-brown, probably from being in a river. There are a few patches of calcareous concretions. The axe has flattened side facets and a number of deeper flake scars are visible within the ground surface. The axe measures 167mm long and 65mm wide. It is 36mm thick and weighs 441g.
Created on: Tuesday 16th September 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 16th September 2014
Spatial data recorded.

  • Image not taken

Record ID: NMS-DA1F09
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated
Whetstone of uncertain (but far from recent) date, discoidal and sub-circular, in fine grained grey stone. One flat face is smooth, the other less so and with a substantial V-sectioned groove running from edge to edge, set slightly off-centre and deepest at mid-point. There is a narrower V-sectioned groove on the side. Diameter 76 - 82mm. Thickness 24mm. Weight 288g. Maximum width and depth of large groove 16 and 10mm, of small groove 6 and 4mm.
Created on: Monday 8th September 2014
Last updated: Monday 8th September 2014
Spatial data recorded.

  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-47CB23

Record ID: LANCUM-47CB23
Object type: PERFORATED OBJECT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated
A stone hammer of Bronze Age date. It is an sub-rectangular stone hammer which is rectangular in section made of a fine grained stone. Both ends are roughly rectangular and are blunt. The shaft hole is circular and roughly in the centre of the object. All faces are evenly worn.
Created on: Monday 1st September 2014
Last updated: Wednesday 10th September 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Arnside', grid reference and parish protected.

  • Thumbnail image of SF-0DC749

Record ID: SF-0DC749
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated
A fragment of Hertfordshire pudding stone rotary quern. It is sub-triangular in section with red/grey nodules. It has a flat grinding face and a rounded upper face. This quern measures 141.19mm in diameter, 61.47mm in height, 50.47mm in thickness, 553g in weight. There are similar examples recorded on the PAS database (SF-CBDB03), (SF-026163).
Created on: Tuesday 5th August 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 5th August 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Combs', grid reference and parish protected.

  • Thumbnail image of WILT-3AC67D

Record ID: WILT-3AC67D
Object type: PERFORATED OBJECT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Published Find validated and published by finds advisers
A probably Bronze Age stone shafthole adze dating to the period c.1650 - 1250 BC. The adze is sub-ovular in plan with rounded edges. It is bi-convex in profile, with gently curving sides which taper to form a rounded blade at either end which show signs of polishing. The butt end is slightly narrower. The shape has been formed by pecking and grinding. It features a slightly obliquely orientated hourglass-shaped perforation just off centre, indicating the the perforation was worked from both sides. The adze is similar in plan and profile to Roe, (1979) pp. 38, fig. 13 nos. WA 1/ah &…
Created on: Monday 14th July 2014
Last updated: Wednesday 10th September 2014
Spatial data recorded.

  • Thumbnail image of LIN-3FEEC4

Record ID: LIN-3FEEC4
Object type: MACE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Published Find validated and published by finds advisers
A late Neolithic or Bronze Age perforated object, often known as a 'battle axe'. This axe was purchased by a collector and subsequently reported to the Lincolnshire FLO. The object is claimed to have been found in the 1970s somewhere along the Lincolnshire coast. The axe formed part of an 'old collection' for many years prior to reporting. The object is made of a green-tinged black fine-grained basalt. The object is lozenge in plan with slightly rounded angles. At the 'cutting edge' the axe has a diamond-shaped, raised ledge that smooths towards the central hole. The central hole a…
Created on: Wednesday 2nd July 2014
Last updated: Wednesday 9th July 2014
No spatial data available.

  • Thumbnail image of CORN-EE5A2B

Record ID: CORN-EE5A2B
Object type: PESTLE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated
Small fine-grained granite pestle, cylindrical in profile and circular in plan and section, with two convex ends. The pestle has been worked by pounding at both ends, probably on a hard surface, resulting in considerable abrasion and the loss of material in the order of a centimetre (Dr Roger Taylor pers comm). The length of the tool still fits perfectly within a hand's grip. There are dark grey patches on the surface of the pestle and fine grains of felspar and mica. The pestle would have been used with a mortar or cupped stone, but this tool was found on its own in the field, in an a…
Created on: Saturday 28th June 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 29th July 2014
Spatial data recorded.

  • Thumbnail image of CORN-EE43AA

Record ID: CORN-EE43AA
Object type: HAMMERSTONE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated
Small igneous rock ball or hammerstone of coarsely foliated greenstone. The ball is circular in plan and ovate in profile and section, with pecking on the upper surface and a flattened weathered base. The shape appears to result predominantly from weathering but one side is smoothed and rounded and appears to have been used for grinding. The hammerstone is conveniently hand sized, like CORN-EE5A2B. Such pieces do turn up on domestic sites but not in any quantity compared to mullers and rubbers. It is quite possible that the wear on these objects has been caused by grinding pieces in th…
Created on: Saturday 28th June 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 29th July 2014
Spatial data recorded.

  • Thumbnail image of CORN-ED9A3B

Record ID: CORN-ED9A3B
Object type: MACE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated
Fragment of a quartzite ovoid macehead, semi-circular in plan and profile and plano-convex in section, with a mottled grey and 'port wine stain' colouration. Half of the perforation or shafthole remains, which is circular in plan and 20 mm in diameter. The shafthole would have held a wooden handle or haft to complete the mace, and would have been bored by using sand and a drill. The shafthole is an hourglass shape in profile, suggesting that it has been drilled from both sides, and is 38 mm in height. This shape might have improved hafting, especially if the wooden haft or handle was s…
Created on: Saturday 28th June 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 29th July 2014
Spatial data recorded.

  • Thumbnail image of CORN-ED06E2

Record ID: CORN-ED06E2
Object type: CARVED STONE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated
Incomplete greisen cup-marked stone, sub-square in plan and profile and plano-convex in section. The convex face has three dimples that are 25 mm in diameter, in a circular arrangement, which run up to the broken edges on both sides, suggesting that there were more cup-marks on the missing piece. The underside of the stone has been damaged with two deep linear grooves in a cross formation that reveals the quartz beneath the weathered and soiled surface. These cup-marked decorated stones are generally dated from the Late Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age because they are sometimes assoc…
Created on: Saturday 28th June 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 29th July 2014
Spatial data recorded.

  • Thumbnail image of CORN-EC3C8E

Record ID: CORN-EC3C8E
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated
Incomplete coarse greisen saddle quern with a worn concave central reservoir, and one remaining built up edge, through use as a quern or grain mortar. The other edges of the quern have been lost and this may be because the stone was dressed in more recent times in order to re-use it for building material. Similar to other saddle querns found around the county on Bronze Age sites, such as Trethellan, Newquay, where several varied examples were found, the closest in form illustrated in Nowakowski (1991) on pages 144 & 146, Figs.59-60, Nos.92 & 94 from the Middle Bronze Age round …
Created on: Saturday 28th June 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 29th July 2014
Spatial data recorded.

  • Thumbnail image of CORN-EB2904

Record ID: CORN-EB2904
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated
Fragment of a stone muller or rubber, sub-triangular in plan, and sub-rectangular in profile and section. The stone is derived from a schorl rock which is metasomatically altered granite composed of quartz and black tourmaline schorl. The source is likely from the margin of the Land's End Granite (Dr Roger Taylor pers comm). The upper surface and the base of the stone are both flat and polished through use, suggesting that it was likely used as a rubbing stone or muller, perhaps within a quern to grind grain. The outer edge of the stone is curved and the two other sides are broken, exp…
Created on: Saturday 28th June 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 29th July 2014
Spatial data recorded.

  • Thumbnail image of CORN-EAEF49

Record ID: CORN-EAEF49
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated
Incomplete stone muller or rubber, sub-rectangular in plan, profile and section, made from a tabular fragment of medium to coarse-grained (grain size up to 6 mm) biotite / muscovite / tourmaline granite, probably from an inland or cliff source (Dr Roger Taylor pers comm). The upper surface is slightly convex and perhaps lightly trimmed, and the base of the stone is flat and polished through use, suggesting that it was likely used as a rubbing stone or muller, perhaps within a quern to grind grain. One end of the stone tapers to a curved edge and the opposite end is broken, exposing the…
Created on: Saturday 28th June 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 29th July 2014
Spatial data recorded.

  • Thumbnail image of CORN-E9FC08

Record ID: CORN-E9FC08
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated
Stone muller or rubber, oval in plan and oblong in profile and section, made from a fine-grained granite beach cobble. The general grain size is about 0.5 to 1 mm with phenocrysts of quartz, feldspar and clusters of biotite up to 3 mm in length (Dr Roger Taylor pers comm). Both faces of the stone are flat and polished through use, suggesting that it was likely used as a rubbing stone or muller, perhaps within a quern to grind grain. The granite contains pale felspar, which is soft, and the dark inclusions are biotite, which is hard, creating an undulating surface which is better for gr…
Created on: Saturday 28th June 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 29th July 2014
Spatial data recorded.

  • Thumbnail image of CORN-AB58F1

Record ID: CORN-AB58F1
Object type: ADZE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated
Broken blade end of an adze of gabbroic greenstone, sub-square in plan, and lozenge-shaped in profile and in section. About half of the original tool survives, as it is missing its longer but tapering butt end that would have been hafted. The adze may have originally been about three times as long, judging from similar ethnographic parallels, in order to balance it with the wooden haft or handle. In profile the blade is plano-convex, with a defined yet scooped edge, suggesting that the tool was used as an adze for carving and smoothing the wood rather than an axe for chopping. The vent…
Created on: Wednesday 25th June 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 29th July 2014
Spatial data recorded.

  • Thumbnail image of BH-8525D6

Record ID: BH-8525D6
Object type: BATTLEAXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Bedford
Workflow stage: Published Find validated and published by finds advisers
A ground stone battle axe, probably of Scandinavian origin and dating from the Neolithic period. The axe, which survives intact, is of flattened-oval section, tapering to a wedge-shaped, downward-curving blade. The cylindrical socket is located close to the butt of the axe, where there is a rearward, hammer-like projection of circular section. The tool has been made from a medium-textured grey stone with a strand-like structure. Orangey-brown deposits on the surface of the implement are probably the result of the tool having been deposited in a wet environment. Length: 147.8mm; width…
Created on: Monday 23rd June 2014
Last updated: Friday 18th July 2014
Spatial data recorded.

  • Thumbnail image of WAW-2BB7EE

Record ID: WAW-2BB7EE
Object type: PERFORATED OBJECT
Broad period: MESOLITHIC
County: Warwickshire
Workflow stage: Published Find validated and published by finds advisers
Mesolithic to Neolithic (8,300 to 4,500 BC) perforated object: stone pebble hammer or mace head. The pebble hammer is incomplete, approximately half remains, and this half is semi-cylindrical in plan, with an incomplete perforation along the straight broken edge. The perforation has an hour-glass profile and measures: 25mm diameter at its narrowest and 32mm deep. The stone is possibly hard sandstone. Due to the 'hardness' it resembles a 'Bunter quartzite' pebble. These are river worn pebbles of hard sandstone that are widely distributed throughout the Midlands. The pebble is a mottled…
Created on: Thursday 19th June 2014
Last updated: Monday 23rd June 2014
Spatial data recorded.

  • Thumbnail image of NLM-01827C

Record ID: NLM-01827C
Object type: PENDANT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: North Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated
Jet Pendant fragment. Flat fragment from the curved end of a plate with a round countersunk aperture of diameter c.5mm drilled from both sides, and with a smoothed angled facet along one edge. The object is broken along a diagonal line which could suggest its original form to have been sub-triangular, and is encrusted with roughened textures at aperture and along lower broken edge. Jet has long been regarded as magical in that it is a stone that may float or burn, and, like amber, it collects static electricity if rubbed. Objects of this form do not appear among Roman jet and shale…
Created on: Tuesday 17th June 2014
Last updated: Wednesday 18th June 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Staithes', grid reference and parish protected.

  • Image not taken

Record ID: NMS-00899D
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated
Medieval honestone of Norwegian Ragstone. The cross-section is sub-rectangular with the narrow sides quite flat but the two broad faces irregularly convex. Close to the slightly damaged narrower end an encircling V-sectioned groove with overlapping ends was presumably to take a suspension cord (a drilled perforation is the more normal method). Below the groove the sides are straight and then gently diverge before a rounded lower end. Length 84mm. Width 21.5 - 28mm. Thickness 10.5 - 14.5mm. Weight 55.98g. Norwegian Ragstone was imported in quantity before the Conquest (Moore, D.T. and …
Created on: Tuesday 17th June 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 17th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.

  • Thumbnail image of LVPL-E2F8BD

Record ID: LVPL-E2F8BD
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Published Find validated and published by finds advisers
An incomplete stone object, probably a whetstone or hone, of uncertain date. The object is rectangular in plan and cross-section. It is formed of a fine grained dark grey stone, possibly slate. The base of one face of the object and almost all of the opposite face is damaged where some of the stone has split away from the main body of the object. Riveted to the top of the object is a rectangular strip of copper alloy forming an attachment loop. One end of the strip is cut in a diagonal while the opposite end is irregular. The strip measures c.10mm in width at each end and narrows t…
Created on: Tuesday 3rd June 2014
Last updated: Wednesday 4th June 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Washingborough', grid reference and parish protected.

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