Unique ID: WAW-47EC91

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated

A cast copper alloy incomplete candlestick in the form of a standing figure playing, a now missing, musical instrument. The figure is wearing a sub-conical shaped hat which comes to a off-centre peak which is the folded backwards. From beneath the hat the hair protrudes which is defined by fine obliquely angled grooves. The facial features of the figure is simplistic with lentoid eyes, a bi-trapezoidal mouth and a high-relief triangular nose. The torso of the figure has a slender waist with a belt. The torso is covered with a simplistic tunic whose only decoration is at the hem, and this consists of vertical notches. The arms are positioned so that it implies the figure originally held a recorder type musical instrument. One hand forms a loop presumably through which the instrument, made from a different material was positioned, and has since been lost. The legs of the figure are simplistic and terminate with a horizontal notch and flattened surfaces. There are not feet. The surface of the figure has traces of a white metal alloy which originally would have given the figure a silvery appearance. Otherwise the surface has a mottled shiny dark brown patina. It measures 99.87mm long, 36.41mm wide from elbow to elbow, 20.61mm thick from the shoulders to the hands, and weighs 118.2g.

Dr. Geoff Egan identified this object as dating to the 15th to early 16th centuries and that originally it would have been part of a larger object, for example an elaborate candlestick. He also commented that it is a continental import as this type of object wasn't produced in British workshops at that time.

A similar candlestick is found in the V&A Collections; which is dated to the early 16th century, and has a very similar style of costume to the recorded example. The V&A example was made in Germany.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL [scope notes | view all attributed records]
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL [scope notes | view all attributed records]
Date from: Circa AD 1400
Date to: Circa AD 1525

Dimensions and weight

Length: 99.87 mm
Width: 36.41 mm
Thickness: 20.61 mm
Weight: 118.2 g
Quantity: 1

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Angie Bolton - [ view all attributed records]
Identified by: Mr Geoff Egan - [view all attributed records]

Other reference numbers

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy [scope notes | view all attributed records]
Manufacture method: Cast [scope notes | view all attributed records]
Completeness: Incomplete [scope notes | view all attributed records]

A resized image of Post Medieval candlestick.

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Our images can be used under a CC BY-SA licence (unless stated otherwise).

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands
County: Worcestershire
District: Wychavon
Parish: Hartlebury

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SO8470
Four figure Latitude: 52.327856 Four figure longitude: -2.2362
1:25K map: SO8470
1:10K map: SO87SW
WOEID: 39169
Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Gardening [scope notes]

Adjacent Domesday Book places

Domesday data within 2 km of discovery point is surfaced via the excellent Open Domesday website.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Audit data

Created: Saturday 29th January 2011
Updated: Thursday 3rd February 2011

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