AXEHEAD

Unique ID: CPAT-5486C1

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find waiting to be validated

A cast copper alloy socketed axehead that in style, is consistent with the Sompting type with a prominent bulbous biconical collar with a horizontal moulding beneath. Sompting axes are typical of the Llyn Fawr phase, technically seen as the Bronze-Iron Age transition and sometimes now called the Earliest Iron Age (800-600BC).
The axehead has a sub square section mouth. The fixing loop is then drawn from the lower moulding to extend 24mm down the side moulding with an inner diameter of 8mm.

The axe is undecorated with flat plain sides, no edge chamfer and broadly splayed to the cutting edge; the seam sides are wedge shape in plan and slightly convex with clear casting lines. Although there are numerous marks/gouges to the surface of the axe, they look to be due to the passage of time in the ground. There are no clear signs of use.

Coming to the damage to the axe; there is significant and extensive damage that appears to be contemporary with the date of the axe. One side of the blade has been struck very hard with a heavy round object such to cause the axe to bend and split on the opposing face. The edge of the blade has then also been struck several times with a similar heavy round object, leading to an almost denticulate edge with four clear strikes. The damage must have been deliberate and had rendered the axe useless.

The reason for the damage may only be speculated at; it may have been an unsatisfactory casting or perhaps prepared for votive use or simply come to the end of its useful life. The surface has a bright mottled green patina with some original smooth brownish surface patina still in evidence.

Notes:

Plain examples in Schmidt & Burgess (1981) The Axes of Scotland and Northern England. Brendan O Connor has recently written a review of Llyn Fawr hoards in Britain In The Earlier Iron Age in Britain and the near Continent (eds C. Haselgrove & R. Pope), Oxbow 2007, with useful references to hoards of this time.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: BRONZE AGE [scope notes | view all attributed records]
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: IRON AGE [scope notes | view all attributed records]
Date from: Post 800 BC
Date to: Ante 600 BC

Dimensions and weight

Length: 102.4 mm
Width: 63.1 mm
Thickness: 36 mm
Weight: 306.3 g
Quantity: 1

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 28th February 2010

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Rod Trevaskus - [ view all attributed records]
Identified by: Adam Gwilt - [view all attributed records]
Secondary identifier: Mr Rod Trevaskus - [ view all attributed records]

Other reference numbers

SMR reference number: PRN117668

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy [scope notes | view all attributed records]
Manufacture method: Cast [scope notes | view all attributed records]
Completeness: Complete [scope notes | view all attributed records]

A resized image of Bronze Age - Axehead - Socketed of Sompting type

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Our images can be used under a CC BY-SA licence (unless stated otherwise).

Spatial metadata

Region: Wales
County: Denbighshire
District: Denbighshire
Parish: Llanbedr Dyffryn Clwyd

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SJ1456
Four figure Latitude: 53.094252 Four figure longitude: -3.285714
1:25K map: SJ1456
1:10K map: SJ15NW
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector [scope notes]
General landuse: Cultivated land[scope notes]
Specific landuse: Character undetermined[scope notes]

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Audit data

Created: Tuesday 20th July 2010
Updated: Friday 6th August 2010

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